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10 grootste doodsoorzaken volgens WHO

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Freaky Bodybuilder
+15 jaar member
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11 okt 2002
Voor als je je afvraagt wat de grootste gezondheidsrisico's zijn:
WHO Ranks Top Health Hazards
By EMMA ROSS AP Medical Writer


LONDON (AP) - Governments may have to consider legislation to reduce the salt, fat, sugar and other unhealthy ingredients in manufactured foods, according to a new report by the World Health Organization.

The recommendation is in this year's annual World Health Report, which for the first time tries to rank the major threats to health worldwide and examine ways to reduce them.

The report examines the 20 biggest risks to human health and their impact on disease, disability and death. It estimates that if these threats were tackled, at least an extra decade of healthy life could be achieved in even the poorest countries, and people in the richest nations could gain another five years of healthy life........

The report, one of largest research projects ever undertaken by the U.N. health agency, also concluded that alcohol is responsible for far more deaths and disease than previously thought.

Malnutrition is still the worst health problem, accounting for one in 14 deaths globally.......

The top 10 health hazards worldwide, in terms of how much disease and death they cause, are, in order of danger: underweight, unsafe coïtus , high blood pressure,
tobacco, alcohol, contaminated water, sanitation and hygiene, iron deficiency, indoor pollution, high cholesterol and obesity.

"This report brings out for the first time that 40 percent of the global deaths are due to just the 10 biggest risk factors, while the next 10 risk factors add less than 10 percent," said Alan Lopez, a WHO senior science adviser.

The report also ranks the hazards separately for three groups: the poorest regions such as sub-Saharan Africa and parts of South Asia, other developing countries and the developed world. No individual country listings are given.

In the poorest group, malnutrition was by far the worst health hazard, followed by unsafe coïtus - which reflects the massive HIV/AIDS burden in those areas.

Researchers were surprised to find that indoor pollution from the burning of manure and charcoal for cooking causes much illness and death. It was the fourth-leading health hazard in that region, after unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene, but had never been noticed before, said the report's lead author, Dr. Christopher Murray, executive director of WHO's global program on evidence for health policy.

In other developing countries, alcohol turned out to be the biggest menace to health, followed by high blood pressure and tobacco. Underweight and overweight jostled for position in fourth and fifth places respectively. Cholesterol came next, then low fruit and vegetable intake.

In rich nations, the biggest peril was tobacco, closely followed by high blood pressure, alcohol, cholesterol, overweight, low fruit and vegetable intake and inadequate exercise ......

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